This article was translated by John R. Bopp

We’ve been holding onto this one, looking forward to publishing it.  It’s about an article by Carlos Evia Cervantes for the Mexican daily Novedades Yucatán that tells the story and legend of Teodisio de Goñi, the found of the St. Michael of Aralar Sanctuary.

Why have we been looking forward to this?  Well, there is a lot here to like.

San Miguel In Excelsis
San Miguel In Excelsis

Firstly, because it focuses on the St. Michael of Aralar Sanctuary, one of the most important and significant spiritual centers for the Basques for more than a thousand years.  The Archangel Michael is, for Basque Nationalism, the patron saint of the Basque Country since 1909.  His feast day, that of St. Michael in Excelsis, is a cause for joy and celebration for many Basques. Though we must never forget that on that feast day in 1936, the requeté insurgents assassinated Fortunato de Aguirre, the mayor of Estella; he was hated by them for being Basque, for being a democrat, and for having faced up to the despotism of the caciques which dominated Navarre and governed it as a private fief up until quite recently.

We visit this place rather often, and every time we’re there, we feel the weight of history.  It’s not hard to notice the power that that place transmits, be it when one visits the Sanctuary, tread upon by so many visitors over its ten centuries of existence, or when standing at the edge of the cliff and looking at la Sakana, that great natural link between two Basque capitals, Vitoria and Pamplona, far below.

What’s more, this story is being told from the Yucatán Peninsula, a place where, as we’ve said before, Basque lauburus have a notable presence.  It’s yet another example of the Basque heritage spread throughout the Americas.

We believe that we do need to point a niggle out to Carlos Evia Cervantes.  Barandiaran did not study “the oral folklore and traditions of Spain, specifically those of the Basque Country”.  Actually, what he did was study the folklore and oral traditions of the Basques.  We mustn’t forget that the Basques live in what is now Spain and France.  Moreover, Aita Barandiaran spent his final years in exile in the Northern Basque Country, the part of our land under French administration.  There, he continued studying the Basques, because he was still in Basque lands.  And he was exiled, as were tens of thousands of Basques, fleeing the insurgents who would topple the Republic and persecute Basque culture.

We’ll leave you with the link to the Mexican newspaper, and the entry in the Auñamendi Basque Encyclopedia dedicated to this extraordinary place.

Novedades Yucatán – 20/3/2019 – Mexico

El arcángel San Miguel y el dragón

osé Miguel de Barandiarán y Ayerbe fue uno de los más grandes estudiosos del folclor y la tradición oral de España, específicamente de Euskadi o el País Vasco. Recopiló un relato mítico muy famoso que fue motivo de inspiración para muchos dedicados al arte de la pintura.

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Enciclopedia Auñamendi –  – Basque Country

El arcángel San Miguel

Antes, mucho antes de que escribiera el padre Burgui, los historiadores que se ocuparon de Navarra con más conocimientos (e incluso por encargo de las autoridades del reino), como el padre Moret, no vincularon la fundación del Santuario de San Miguel de Excelsis a los hechos de don Teodosio, pero sí hicieron referencia a los instrumentos más antiguos en que el mismo santuario aparece citado.

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Noticias de Gipuzkoa – 29/9/2018 – Euzkadi

Fue un día de San Miguel

Escudo de Euzkadi con San Miguel de Aralar

Dice irónicamente mi hijo Mikel que en mis colaboraciones periodísticas de temática histórica o política, “ya va tardando mucho Irujo en aparecer”. Y yo prefiero indicarle que, en realidad, intento escribir sobre el sentido amplio en el que ha de asentarse la concepción democrática y sobre la verdadera naturaleza de las libertades humanas. Libertad y democracia, acepciones tan deterioradas en el sistema político español, fueron defendidas por Manuel Irujo siempre, en todo momento y lugar, pagando por aquella tamaña osadía con “cuarenta y largos años de exilio”, que, aún en excelente forma y vigor, pudieron contemplar los abertzales que acudieron a la Asamblea Nacional de EAJ-PNV en Iruña en 1977.

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